What you need to know before getting or offering a pet

If giving a cat or dog seems like a good idea, we must remember that a pet is not a gift like any other. This is indeed an important decision that should not be made spur of the moment or momentarily. It is necessary to ensure that the prospective owner has the opportunity to contribute to his well-being… impulsive adoption sometimes results in abandonment, especially during the summer. While between 750,000 and 1 million pets are adopted each year in France, there is a sad record of abandonment in our country.

a thoughtful move

One of the main parameters to consider is: will you be able to provide for her well-being? Do you have the financial and financial capacity to nurture it and provide the necessary care? Can you entrust it to someone or take it with you on your holidays?

A dog’s food and routine grooming costs an average of 500 to 1,000 euros per year. In addition to insurance costs, contingencies can be added to these annual costs: veterinary surgery, transportation or boarding, behavioral evaluation, or even treatment for a lifelong illness.

Getting a pet is a long-term commitment: some breeds can live for ten to twenty years. And a “baby” animal can sometimes turn into a bulky adult animal.

What Race?

For a dog, your choice should be guided by the dog’s adult size, your living environment, your availability, and the budget you can devote to its care and maintenance. The animal will demand time and attention from you every day. The dog needs to be taken outside several times a day. In order to be social with people and also with other creatures, the dog needs even more play and stimulation than the cat.

Hypertypes in Pets

Hypertype is an over exaggeration of the morphological character of a breed standard. We find the hypertyped breeds mostly in dogs but also in cats. Brachycephalic breeds, i.e. a very common example of hypertyped breeds with a flattened face, are found among others the French bulldog, English bulldog or pug in dogs and also Persian in cats. A very strong enthusiasm was recorded for these last breeds.

These morphological traits that are considered pleasing may be counterproductive to the welfare and health of these animals. Some breeders then try to select animals for these sought-after qualities, thereby meeting demand. Hypertypes remove dogs and cats from their racial norms, causing inbreeding and real animal suffering within these hypertyped populations.

However, R.214-23 of the Village Code. and marine fisheries prohibit such practices: “The selection of pets according to criteria that could endanger the health and well-being of them and their descendants is prohibited”. In addition, it is stated in article R.215-5-1 that this prohibition will be punished with fines for class 4 violations.

In 2018, the French Veterinary Academy took a stand against these extremes.

Hypertypes are often equated with “planned abuse.” This selection may indeed be responsible for the diseases (dermatological, respiratory, ocular, locomotor, behavioral, reproductive disorders, etc.) to which the animals involved are often genetically predisposed. For example, the flattened faces of brachycephalic patients can cause respiratory problems, especially resulting in snoring sounds; even their wrinkled skin, which is responsible for infected dermatitis. In addition, this inappropriate selection leads to abnormally high cesarean rates.
The hypertypes must then be assimilated into the animal’s “pathological condition” because the animal’s health and well-being are strongly affected.

Areas most affected by hypertypes:

  • face ;
  • folds of the face;
  • nostrils ;
  • eyes ;
  • ears ;
  • tail ;
  • members.

It is important to take into account the fact that acquiring an animal of a hypertyped breed can lead to significant costs. A large proportion of these animals will need preventive or corrective surgery or even lifelong treatment. Such animals require more care and attention later on, it is a more important commitment to consider before buying.

Before purchasing an animal, the prospective pet owner must ensure that transfer obligations are complied with. Therefore, L.214-8 of the Village and Sea Fishing Law. Clause stipulates that any sale of dogs or cats must be accompanied by several information and documents, one of which clearly states the characteristics and needs of the animal selling it. object of a task. Therefore, any future purchaser of an animal with a hypertyped species should be informed of the risks to the health and well-being of the animal being sold due to its morphological characteristics.


Please pain, no thanks! (PDF, 637.87KB)

Where is he from ?

Getting a dog or cat requires knowing where it came from. Despite the attention of authorized services, some imports are still made under suspicious conditions.

Advertising on the Internet and in free newspapers should be more careful: many animals come from illegal smuggling. Also, avoid vague or anonymous advertisements required by law that do not include the breeder’s professional information (SIRET number) or the puppy’s or mother’s identification number. The best guarantee against traffic is being able to see the kitten or kitten with their mother.

animal donations

  • Donations don’t require you to sign up and get a Siren number. However, the same obligations must be complied with when announcing the sale (except for the Siren number);
  • the ad must clearly state “free”;
  • only identified animals older than eight weeks can be donated;
  • The donor must also provide the new owner with a veterinary certificate.

Identification, an act of protection

Identification can be done in two ways:

  • with a tattoo of letters and numbers on the skin of the inner surface of the auricle or on the inside of the thigh;
  • It is injected under the skin with an electronic chip the size of a grain of rice. The 15-digit code can be read using a special reader and allows the animal to be identified.

Whatever the method, it is essential that each animal be given a unique number and recorded in a national file with the owner’s contact details. It is also possible to link directly to the national dog, cat and ferret file to report a new phone number, a change of address (even temporarily during the holidays) or the death of an animal. The Europetnet site allows owners to find their pets all over Europe.

Identification of your animal makes it easier to search if lost and reduces the risk of theft, and also prevents euthanasia if taken to shelters. While the chance of an identified animal being returned to its owner is 90%, this rate is only 15% if it is not returned.

At what age should it be diagnosed?

  • for dogs, the diagnosis should be made before 4 months of age;

  • for cats, the diagnosis should be made before 7 months of age. This obligation also applies to all samples born after 1 January 2012.


According to article L214-1 of the rural et de la pêche maritime law “Any sentient animal must be placed by its owner in conditions suitable for the biological imperatives of its species.”. Article L214-3 of the Rural and Marine Fisheries Act stipulates: “It is forbidden to mistreat pets, domesticated wild animals or animals in captivity”. Therefore, any animal abuse is prohibited and subject to sanctions.

With regard to abandonment, the regulations are Article 521-1 of the Criminal Code. It relates to penalties such as 2 years’ imprisonment and a fine of 30.000 €, according to the article: “Acts of serious abuse or sexual nature or cruelty to a domestic animal, or acts that are tamed or held in captivity, whether overtly or not, are punishable by two years’ imprisonment and a fine of 30,000 euros. […]. The abandonment of a domesticated, tamed or captive animal is punishable by the same penalties.. These penalties may be supplemented by a temporary or permanent ban on feeding an animal, as well as a ban for a maximum of 5 years from carrying out the professional activity that makes it possible to prepare or carry out the abandonment.

It is important to know the current legislation regarding the pet trade. Indeed, any sale and transfer, with or without compensation, requires specific information that must be clearly visible in the animal presentation facilities, as outlined in the ministerial decree of 31 July 2012.

To deal with the trade and abandonment of pets, the pet trade is regulated, namely:

For more information on the trade and protection of pets, refer to regulation 2015-1243 of 7 October 2015 on the trade and protection of pets.

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